Travel & Tourism

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Tourism problems, challenges and solutions - Problems

While the world faces many problems, most of
which affect tourism and hospitality to a greater
or lesser degree, there are four significant general
problems that emerge from the articles to be of
particular relevance to tourism and hospitality.

The problem of definitions
Despite the fact that the terms ‘tourism’ and ‘hospitality’ are widely used, there
continues to be a lack of agreement as to exactly what each of these encompasses
and as to the relationship between them. In this discussion, we take tourism to

Tee-Time Troubles

Long rounds of golf hurt golfing, by frustrating
other golfers and by harming the operation’s
ability to turn a profit. Many courses try to compensate
for long rounds by putting more golfers
on the course, which is accomplished by decreasing
tee-time intervals. Some courses have
as many as eight tee-times per hour. Seven
Bridges Golf Course in Woodridge, Illinois, is
bucking the trend by adopting 12-minute teetime
intervals, which means only five tee-times
per hour. This tee-time schedule does not
change during periods of peak demand.

Tourism Challenges

The tourism and hospitality industries face a large number of challenges
caused by the general nature of global dynamics, as well as the specific problems
noted above.

The challenge of demographics
There is considerable evidence that tourism is linked to population size and
GDP, so in some respects the future of tourism would seem assured. Demographics
is a key element of most forecasting models of tourism. Throughout
the 20th century trends were clear and predictable. It was a period during which

Rules of the Road

Golf carts are a fantastic convenience, but their
misuse can create problems between golfers
and even cause expensive course damage. Cart
usage also determines the length of a round of
golf, which is a very important variable in the
profitability of a golf operation. Aside from getting
the cart back to the pro shop in one piece,
what are the responsibilities of a golf cart
driver?
1. Carts should be driven with care.
2. The driver should never make sharp
turns that may damage grass.
3. Carts should keep out of bunkers and off
of grass mounds.

Tourism Solutions

A level of agreement emerges from the articles with respect to some likely
characteristics of the tourism and hospitality industries in the coming century.

It seems clear that there is going to be greater polarization in the industries
in all kinds of ways:
* the ‘haves’ vs. the ‘have nots’ in terms of consumers as well as destination
areas
* large, global firms vs. small, niche players
* increased mass tourism vs. increased elite tourism
* domestic vs. international tourism
* business vs. pleasure tourism, often with extremely different requirements

Frozen Fore

What’s more difficult than trying to sink a holein-
one? Trying to sink one when the entire
course is made of ice—that’s right, without a
blade of grass in sight.
The World Ice Golf Championship, which
is played on Greenland’s surreal northwestern
ice fields, started in the small town of Uummannaq
(Greenlandic for ‘‘heart-shaped’’). The
championship has been held there during
years with perfect ice conditions, starting in
1997.
The Championship course is set in one of
the world’s most spectacular landscapes, located

THE BIOLOGICAL APPEAL OF GOLF LANDSCAPES

Applying the principles of art to golf course design obviously contributes a sense of well-being to
those golfers who are playing with the objectives of relaxing and enjoying themselves. On the other
hand, touring professionals out to win concentrate on getting the ball into the tiny hole and may be
forced to ignore beautiful surroundings. Yet one suspects that the beauty of a course provides even
them with relaxation during periods of extreme stress. This sense of well-being may be somewhat

Tourism Research

The first scholarly research journal in tourism was The Tourist Review, the
official publication of the Association Internationale d’Experts Scientifiques
du Tourisme (AIEST), in its 55th year of publication by the year 2000. This
was followed by JTR, which commenced publication in 1972, and was joined
by Annals of Tourism Research, which started publication in 1973. The next
several years saw just a handful of other new research journals in tourism.
The explosion in new tourism research journals came in the late 1980s and

September 11 serious impact on the travel and tourism sector

There is no doubt that the tragic events of
September 11, 2001, in New York, Washington,
D.C., and Pennsylvania have left in their wake
an immediate and serious impact on the travel
and tourism sector. Airline and hotel bookings
declined; conferences were canceled or postponed;
travel agents saw their business fall off
significantly; layoffs occurred; and increased
airport and immigration security has increased
lines and generally made these aspects of travel
much more of a hassle.
At the same time, other travel businesses

Tourism Research (2)

Despite the growth in research output, tourism research consumers still feel
that research is not meeting their needs.
Why? The major obstacle lying between them is the difference in the reward
systems within which they work. Private industry relies on indicators of profit
and growth, and in both the private and public sectors job security depends
on quality service to key constituencies or customers. For academics, job
security depends on research output, usually in the form. of refereed publications.